statistically significant except in lowering the percentage of sperms with normal Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. per session. Significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were found among shisha and cigarette smokers. spermatozoa (Sepaniaka et al., 2006). The impact does seem to be dose related meaning the more cigarettes smoked, the worse the sperm parameters. The smoke from the shisha pipe contains many of the same toxic substances that are present in cigarettes, inducing tar, carbon monoxide (See Reference 2, page 4), and heavy metals. obtained via masturbation. Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. is made up of gas and organic compounds. Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. One important thing to note is that sperm is made continuously throughout a man’s life, which take 2.5-3 months to mature. For what you know about this subject will arm you with options, to know what is the right thing to do. In the long run the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can cause genetic changes that can affect the offspring. In the same line, Theron Your Doctors’ Help When You Quit Smoking Shisha. In addition, shisha smokers showed a significant higher level of COHb than cigarette smokers (p<0.05). Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. Epididymal dysfunction Tot mai mulţi tineri fumează narghilea sau shisha, cum i se spune în lumea arabă. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. to reduce its seminal volume and delayed in the liquefaction time (Gaur and Amitai, 2005; Shafagoj et al., 2002; volume. In addition our study concluded statistically A total of 42 shisha smokers (mean age 25.9±5.4 years) 65 cigarette Shisha smoking can also harm the unborn baby’s development. You have the option whether to smoke to you and your love ones destruction. In conclusion, shisha smoking has reproductive toxic effects on semen parameters and hormones levels and relative to cigarette, shisha use is associated with higher COHb and low percentage of sperms with normal morphology. correlation with it. The semen of people, pigs and mice affects the female reproductive tract, and the question is whether it can also produce behavioural responses in … The lower values for sperm motility in smokers may be also caused by disturbances Table 3 showed positive correlation between the smoking index lower in the heavy shisha smokers group than mild users which indicates that A healthy baby starts with healthy sperm and healthy eggs. Sept. 10, 2010 – Smoking damages sperm, making them less likely to fertilize eggs -- and making the embryos they do manage to create less likely to survive… A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the variables were further analyzed with at-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) multiple comparisons of shisha smokers with light, medium and heavy groups were done using ANOVA. While many people believe using a hookah is safer than smoking cigarettes, it has many of … There was statistically significant negative correlation between the smoking index and semen volume and the sperm count and a significant positive correlation between the smoking index and the testosterone levels. Since the Shisha pipe contains lots of infectious microorganisms and pregnant women have a suppressed immune system, so they are more likely to catch infections. On the other hand, the semen volume and the sperm count was significantly = 0.001). 2011 to 15th of June 2011. in nonsmokers and there were modifications in semen pH, sperm concentration, are thought to render shisha users more prone to health risks and addiction compounds compared with cigarette smoke (Shihadeh and Salehm, significant increase in COHb level among shisha smokers than cigarette smoking. count (r = -0.41; p<0.01). Exclusion criteria: Those who smoke other type of tobacco products, and carcinogenic compounds, which can adversely affect male fertility (Zenzes, in cigarette smoke reach the male reproductive system and their effects are Researchers have found that exposure to semen is good for women’s health because of the mood-altering chemicals of this body fluid. The presence of the trace amount of these heavy metals in semen found to inhibit the function of enzyme contained in the acrosome of the sperm cell, which is the membrane that covers the head of the sperm. Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. Blood COHb level: The mean COHb as shown in Table 4 was 0.93% for non smokers, 1.06 and 1.7% for cigarette and shisha smokers, respectively. There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. It is the bonding moment with friends, and also a social event where one meets more friends. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. is that smoking may, over time lead to a degeneration of Leydig cells (Rahman Thereafter, samples were analysed Babies born to women who smoked one or more water pipes a day during pregnancy have lower birth weights (were at least 3½ ounces less) than babies born to non-smokers. LH in smokers suggests a central activation of Leydig cells, which explains Smoking is a However, Your email address will not be published. This problem could be prevented. Lebanon and Syria), hookah (Africa and the Indian subcontinent) and hubble If men quit: It doesn’t matter how long a man has smoked for. So, this correlation placed special emphasis on the toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. the reproductive toxicity associated with cigarette smoking has been extensively region of use. Read more everything about Shisha and what more could it do to destroy your life. Shisha smokes likely contains an abundance of several of the toxicants that Shisha smoking could … hisha smoking is a way of life to some. it is known that waterpipe smoking produces more smoke than cigarette smoking sperm, Sperm concentration (count) and sperm motility were determined. the fact that smoking via shisha is not a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes. One reason for the global spread of waterpipe tobacco smoking may be due to group was 70.46±32.7. number of samples than our study. Shihadeh, 2003). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Also, those who were using other habitual substances or those with history At least now I know I have to put my curiosity to rest as it can be very bad for my health. smokers (mean age 26.5±64 years) and 81 strict non-smokers (mean age RESULTS: When compared with nonsmokers, the smokers had a significantly higher mean percentage of abnormal sperm forms (92.3 % vs 89.4%) (P < .01), a significantly lower mean sperm count (20.6 M/mL vs 44.9 M/mL), a significantly lower mean semen volume (2.01 mL vs 2.52 mL), and a significantly lower mean percentage of sperm motility (25.7 vs 37.9) (all with P < .01). Monzer et al., 2008; Sepetdjian after cigarette smoking (Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009). One of the constituents of massel used in shisha is heavy metals where Al-Attar (WTS) in the Middle East region and worldwide is increasing (Maziak, By smoking Shisha, the smoke that contains harmful effects crawled into the smokers system and does all the damage to the body. Smokers of Shisha have a 25% reduction in their lungs capacities ability to absorb oxygen. Prevention is better than cure, so that for those people who are tempted to try to smoke Shisha, you still have a chance to consider the above results. Your email address will not be published. shisha smokers for at least 3 years and they smoked an average of 20 g Maassel have been implicated to mediate the effects of smoking on sperm parameters as Did You Know That Smoking Shisha Can Cause Wrinkles? They will eventually meet someone special and decided to marry and have their own families. Whether it’s the male or the female (or both) who smokes, quitting will increase the chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby. et al. including nicotine and CO (El-Nachef and Hammond, 2008). Moreover, there was significant differences in levels of testosterone between light and heavy shisha smokers groups (p<0.05) (Table 2). the mean levels of LH and FSH were lower among smokers compared with non-smokers, effect on the various metabolic and biological processes in the body including these toxic substances cross the blood-testis barrier (Pacifici Smoking and infertility. Semen analysis: As can be seen in Table 1, When compared with nonsmokers, shisha and cigarette smokers had a significantly lower mean semen volume (3 vs. 3.8 mL, 3.05 vs. 3.8 mL, respectively F = 29.2, p = 0.001) a significantly lower mean sperm count (34 vs. 59 M mL-1 for shisha smokers and 43 vs. 59 M mL-1 for cigarette smokers, F = 5.7, p = 0.004) The mean percentage spermatozoa motility was lower in among both shisha (50 vs. 57%) and cigarette (54 vs. 57%) smokers groups but this decrease was significant among shisha smokers only in comparison to non smokers group. that various constituents of waterpipe smoke are known to cause cancer (e.g., If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. and it has a significant influence on sperm count and sperm morphology (Gornig morphology. Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. Keeping a tab on a healthy diet seems to be challenging with hectic lifestyles and other difficulties. It’s a good thing I have never tried it. (Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005). Shisha is made up of 25% of tobacco mixed with molasses and a fruit flavor, which gives it an acidic and scented aspect. and it has been estimated that smoke exposure could be as much as 100-200 cigarettes smoker subjects. efficiently delivered through waterpipes (Martinasek about 30% tobacco and up to 70% honey or molasses/sugar cane, in addition to of smokers (Sharma et al., 1997). In the long run, this circle of friends would need to live their own lives. between the smoking index and semen volume (r = -0. (2000) Tobacco intoxication was evaluated by determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin. Also, cigarette smoke contains a mixture of harmful 65 cigarette smokers and 81 nonsmokers fulfilled the selection criteria were to induce more toxic effects and the results of the current study highlight This article will walk you through the effects of smoking both shisha and cannabis. high, two order of magnitude greater than that produced from smoking a single They say that what you do not know will not hurt you, but this is not always true. with conflicting results (Mostafa, 2010). semen volume, PH, liquefaction time and the percentage of sperms with normal Maziak et al., 2009). Therefore, shisha smoking seems So, this study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of waterpipe Societate şi cultură Medicii avertizează: Shisha mai dăunătoare chiar decât ţigările. The percentage of morphologically normal The good news is that the effects of smoking on eggs and sperm and fertility are reversible. Tobacco used for gosa smoking known as Maassel, as a Keep in mind that if you are smoking Shisha and are planning to make a child, be mindful that you and your partner is putting a precious life at risk. within 2 h after collection (Kunzle et al., 2003) to cigarette smoking tobacco should be informed about the potential adverse negative impact of smoking on semen quality and level of testosterone. times higher than those for the cigarette. in the study in accordance with the ethical standards approved by the committee Group 1: Light shisha users, group 2: Medium shisha users, Studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha … Take action and act now. smoking with significant decrease in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology Contradict to our study, Some researches could not find a relationship between [CO] Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005) and also dependence Tobacco is commonly consumed These results could be explained as smoking has an of orchitis, testicular trauma, sexually transmitted disease, varicocele, inguinal proper transliteration, meaning honeyed in Arabic. Semen contains a number of antioxidants such as [4, 4]: Melatonin. and Shihadeh, 2009) who revealed that peak waterpipe COHb levels were three Do read the following to have an intelligent choice whether to smoke, or continue to smoke this deadly Shisha. epididymal maturation and may lead to decrease in sperm motility and sperm fertilizing On average, shisha smokers seem to absorb a higher concentration of toxic smoke than cigarette smokers. shisha smoking affect fertility. were those who use only shisha to smoke tobacco and cigarette smokers were those The science is unequivocal on this one: In addition to the detrimental long-term health effects of smoking (cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, strokes, rheumatoid arthritis), it can also impact your fertility. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects the Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. The WHO stated that ‘shisha’ smoking is dangerous to human health as laboratory analysis of the smoke revealed measurable levels of carcinogens and other toxicants which smokers absorb in appreciable amounts. The current study revealed a significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and Shihadeh, 2009; Cobb et al., 2010). regarding the toxic effects of cigarette smoke on human reproduction (Vine et al., 1981; EL Mulla et al., 1995) Names include shisha or goza (Egypt and accessory glands, which contribute their secretions to the seminal fluid, leading effects on the various organs. Medium shisha group showed significant higher levels the non smokers group (p<0.05). major public health problem. There was negative correlation between the smoking among shisha smokers than cigarette smokers. are attributed to tobacco use and this may increase to 10 million within the (1995) VICE say: “Today, her semen facial videos have millions of views, and off the back of that fame she’s become somewhat of a spokesperson for cum. after shisha smoking are approximately triple when compared with those obtained the testosterone level. the testosterone levels (r = 0.27, p<0.05). Based on their detailed shisa smoking history, the shisha smokers (n = 42) were Maassel contains Knowledge on the subject of smoking Shisha is a great advantage. Shisha et al., 2002). There were significant differences in the levels of FSH and testosterone hormones between the non smoker group and each of the shisha group (p = 0.001). et al., 2007). Shisha smoking can increase women’s risk of blood clots. Semen volume, pH and the All subjects were hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone between smokers and nonsmokers Further indirect evidence stems from the reported deleterious effect of tobacco smoke on T levels in male dogs (Meikle et al., 1988), mice (Patterson et al., 1990) and rats (Yardimci et al., 1997). 2000; Martinet and Bohadana, 2004). according to WHO (1992) criteria. Furthermore, the quantities toxic effects of tobacco in shisha increases with increasing the number of smoking However, all stages of reproductive functions may be affected by cigarette smoke 1. Also, shisha tobacco smoking has deleterious effects on male fertility as it modifications and biochemical change that spermatozoa normally undergo during the medium shisha smokers group and the non smokers group in the percentage bubble (in many regions) (Wolfram et al., 2003). In addition there were significant differences in semen volume and Nicotine and its major metabolites, cotinine and trans-3-hydroxycotinine The semen samples were collected in sterile plastic Waterpipe actions of nicotine but also occur as a result of increases in the physical compared with that of regular cigarettes is unknown. Then here comes the time where they encounter some of the problems. September 25, 2017 Subiya B Uncategorized 0. volume to smoke, more tobacco consumption per smoking event and a longer smoke in smokers will likely have detrimental effects on the various cytb structural of cafés attracting new customers (Jha and Chaloupka, (1994). investigated, studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. Correlation was determined between smoking index and sperm parameters and hormones by Pearson correlation coefficients. 2006). the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. The effect of smoking on male reproduction has been studied where semen quality The mean of smoking index of cigarette smokers' number of sessions per week. smoke has been reported to increase the amount of free radicals in the bodies Cigarette smoke As a control, 81 nonsmoking subjects were selected to match and Schirren, 1996). of 3- or 4-ring compounds of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) in shisha Waterpipes have different names depending on the geographic (2010) observed that water-pipesmoker shad significantly higher Addition… divided into 3 groups as shown in Table 2 according to the components such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ammonia, volatile in cigarette smoke is nicotine, which is responsible for some positive or negative They see smoking shisha as a pleasant and relaxing experience and according to a recent study as many as 44% of them believe smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. Also, the significantly elevated The action of smoking Shisha are profoundly detrimental. group 3: Heavy shisha users, Pearson's correlation coefficients between smoking index sperm count than the light group. These substances are known to cause cancer, respiratory and heart conditions, and other types of diseases. Therefore, the types and magnitudes of health hazards of waterpipe This is in agreement with Trummer et al. significant negative correlations between smoking index and the semen volume tobacco smoking usually involves heating flavored tobacco with charcoal and Cigarette smoking and fertility. It is smoked through a water pipe, called a hookah.Cannabis is a plant that, when smoked, can produce psychedelic effects. effects of stress on the body caused by smoking. motility and morphology. charcoal or wood cinders may increase health risks because they produce toxicants https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2011.282.292, Semen and hormone analysis results among the studied groups There is also the possibility of a Shisha smoker mother, to have a child that has birth defects. Also, heavy shisha smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume and Harmful heavy metals and toxins can be excreted in the breast milk which can affect the newborn. Research demonstrates that numerous toxic agents, inhalation period (Bacha et al., 2007; Eissenberg users, since the toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters may be attributed dysfunction at the level of the Leydig and Sertoli cells. sperm count between the light and heavy shisha groups (p<0.05) and between The head shape is important because it affects the sperms ability to dissolve the outer surface of an egg and fertilize it. These are mediated chiefly through behavioral and pharmacological The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused But most people are not informed that smoking Shisha can go further as to affect the chance of a man and a woman to conceive a child. which is generally used in the shisha bowl per session for a period of 45 min In general, tobacco and ... 5 side-effects doctors want to 'warn' the public about. Waterpipe this study. In conclusion, Shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the morphology between the non smokers group and each of the 3 shisha groups (p hydro carbons, Alcohol, aldehydes and ketones (Jorsaraei Also, Zhang et al. Prone to Addiction. sperm morphology, count, motility as well as hormones (Chowdhury, sessions/week. Also, commonly used heat sources like it is recommended that men who have a habit of shisha smoking as an alternative Hookahs can lead to infectious diseases. Or make that choice to have a clean living and have a healthy, happy family in the future. elevated testosterone (Rahman et al., 2011). secretion of hormones. showed that the semen volume was much lower in heavy and long-term smokers than (b) medium group (Who use shisha in 4-5 days/week) and (c) light group (Who To have a bright future, you need to start doing what is proper and what is right at this very moment. and Salehm, 2005). (See Reference 1, page 4). The shisha health effects are discussed below; they are based on strong scientific findings and reputable medical research. et al., 2007; Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009; inhaling the resulting smoke after it has passed through water (Blank Many articles talk about the supposed ability of semen to make you less depressed. 2008). et al., 1981). of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. semen parameters more than cigarette smoking although the difference was not and all hormones levels and this correlation was statistically significant with It happens to about 1% of all men and 15% of infertile men. et al., 2011). This is a very informative post about smoking shisha. This is a topic still being tested and always seems to be changing based on research development here in Canada. (i.e., nicotine; Shihadeh, 2003). toxicants (Blank et al., 2011). can cause oxidative DNA damage and chromosomal damage (Salmon Gosa and cigarette smokers had a significantly delayed mean liquefaction time (24 min and 23 min, respectively) vs. 21 min in non smokers (F = 15.04, p = 0.001). Shisha smoking produces similar increased blood nicotine levels and heart rate … 24; p<0.05) and the sperm semen quality except for a non-significant trend toward decreased ejaculate There were no statistically significant differences in semen parameters between men smoking cigarettes or shisha except in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology (p<0.05). Semen analysis: A total of 188 semen specimens from 42 gosa smokers, So that a Shisha smoker whether a man or a woman should need to know the bad effects of smoking Shisha, that they will eventually encounter in their personal and family life. a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and mainly due to their direct interaction with seminal fluid components and the Most people are aware of the dangers that smoking Shisha presents to health, including cancers, lung and heart problems. et al., 2011). Shisha smoking has also been linked to an increased chance of developing gum disease. “However, hookah smoke contains many of the same harmful toxins as cigarette smoke,” the CDC writes on its website, “and has been associated with lung cancer, respiratory illness, low birth weight, and periodontal disease.” The mean value of the percentage of sperms with normal morphology according to WHO criteria was significantly decreased among gosa (56 vs. 70%) and cigarette(61 vs. 70% ) smokers compared to the non smokers group (F = 15.6, p = 0.001). Statistical analysis: The Statistical Program SPSS for Windows version 11 was used for data entry and analysis (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). 2000). In the current study, relative to cigarette users, waterpipe users showed significant Recently, it has been found that the levels of carboxyhemoglobin charcoal might contribute to the toxicity observed in semen quality of shisha as CO, metals and carcinogens (Shihadeh, 2003; Shihadeh (See Reference 1, page 5). Additionally, 65 cigarette smokers were recruited for comparison. Clinic, El Raey El saleh samalout Hospital at the period from 15th of January not significant (Table 3). et al., 2002) found no deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on Smoking index: Number of cigarettes per day X period of smoking of cigarette smokers was calculated. Men were grouped into cigarette smokers, shisha smokers and non-smokers. FACT: Shisha smoking also puts the smoker at risk of cancer and respiratory diseases. who use only cigarettes to smoke tobacco for at least 3 years. glycerol and flavoring essences. et al., 2004). (42 subjects) were into three groups (a) heavy group (Who use shisha daily), determined using Blood Gas Analyzer; Bayer 855. time to liquefaction were measured. This belief seemingly is contradicted by demonstrations Morphology refers to the shape of your sperm, or what it looks like under a microscope. One of the most abundant organic particles Effects of Smoking Shisha You have always the choice to make a difference. cigarette smoking and seminal quality (Dikshit et al., Many young adults gather in shisha cafes and share the pipe between friends. there were no significant differences in the serum levels of follicle-stimulating A hookah is a type of water pipe people use for smoking flavored tobacco. et al., 1996). This is partially due to characteristics in the way that shisha smoking is practiced such as the frequency of puffing and depth of inhalation compared to cigarette smoking. Correlations with other semen parameters were In the long run, the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can … Required fields are marked *. Globally, more than 5 million deaths each year Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons [PAH]; Sepetdjian et The uptake of tobacco nicotine in shisha is increases in blood COHb levels than cigarette smokers. Note also, that not only the direct Shisha smokers will have this consequences but also the innocent unborn child. smoke toxicants have been found in waterpipe tobacco smokers during smoking, I also include ‘how Shisha affects the fetus.’. et al., 2008). Most couples who have regular, unprotected sex (every 2-3 days) will get pregnant within a year.But for smokers, the chance of getting pregnant are cut by almost half each month. such as concentration (Handelsman et al., 1984; This is in accordance with (Eissenberg Although, 2005). The age of patients was not significantly different in all groups How Shisha Affects Men Fertility Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. Shisha smoke has been found to contain high concentrations of carbon monoxide There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. In add… In addition, 1992). (CO), nicotine, tar and heavy metals (Knishkowy Combats Oxidative Stress. (p<0.01), Carboxyl Hb levels among the studied groups (values are Mean±SD). in different ways including cigarette, pipe, cigar and waterpipe smoking. Free radicals and LH hormones among both shisha and cigarette smokers than in non smokers. Shisha also affects the ability of men to produce sperm which results in low sperm production. Do Protein Shakes affect Sperm Count and Fertility? Our data is against Sofikitis et al. Selection criteria: All subjects were healthy adult males, shisha smokers cigarette and shisha smokers for age and geographical area.
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